Blog of the International Journal of Constitutional Law

Tag: Military-Civil Relations

  • The Armed Forces after Bolsonaro

    —Adriana Marques, Assistant Professor, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro [Editor’s Note: This is the third substantive post in the ICONnect symposium on the new Lula government in Brazil and the challenge of democratic erosion after Bolsonaro. For the introduction to the symposium, see here.]

  • How the Captain Defeated the Army: Bolsonaro Subordinates the Military in Brazil

    —Ulisses Levy Silvério dos Reis & Rafael Lamera Giesta Cabral, The Federal University of the Semi-Arid Region Jair Bolsonaro’s victory for the Presidency of Republic in 2018 brought numerous challenges to the Brazilian democratic experience. Since the re-democratization in 1985, the military has never been so close to power as it is now.

  • Myanmar’s Constitutional Impasse: The Constitutional Amendment Process in 2020

    —Andrew Harding, National University of Singapore, and Nyi Nyi Kyaw, Myanmar Studies Programme, ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute and National University of Singapore The rigidity of the 2008 Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (‘the Constitution’) is rightly notorious, and this rigidity has been proven at least three times through failed attempts to reform it in 2013, 2014, and 2019–2020.

  • Myanmar’s Military-Allied Party Proposes Constitutional Amendment Increasing Civilian Powers

    –Jason Gelbort, Legal Consultant On February 25, the union parliament of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) began debating bills to amend the military-drafted 2008 constitution,[1] including a proposal from the military-allied Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) that could significantly redraw the constitutional balance of powers between the military and the parliamentary-elected president.

  • Brazil Reckoning With its Past in Present Days: Will Judges Check Bolsonaro’s Government?

    —Emilio Peluso Neder Meyer, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and Felipe Guimarães Assis Tirado, LL.M. Candidate, King’s College London Three days after the election of the far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro to the Brazilian presidency, federal prosecutors filed a criminal complaint charging a former police officer and, for the first time, a former military prosecutor and a former military judge for crimes against humanity committed during the civil-military dictatorship.

  • Video Interview: The New Egyptian Constitution Featuring Mohamed Arafa

    —Richard Albert, Boston College Law School In this second installment of our new video interview series at I-CONnect, Mohamed Arafa discusses the new Egyptian Constitution. The interview touches on the entrenchment of human rights in the new Constitution, the designation of Islam as the official religion, as well as whether the military constitutes an unofficial “fourth branch” of government.