Blog of the International Journal of Constitutional Law

Tag: Presidentialism

  • The Indonesian Constitutional Court and the Crisis of the 2019 Presidential Election

    –Stefanus Hendrianto, Boston College After many months of speculation, the candidates for the 2019 Indonesian presidential election announced their choice of running mates on August 9, 2018. The incumbent President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, who ran on the platform of diversity and social equality, chose the 75-years-old conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his running mate.

  • The Oldest-Newest Separation of Powers

    —Yaniv Roznai, Senior Lecturer, Radzyner Law School, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya. Separation of powers is a basic idea within constitutional theory. The principle of separation of powers, as famously described by Montesquieu in his The Spirit of the Laws, centered around three governmental branches: legislative power, executive power and judging power; a separation that was needed for preventing abuse of power through a power-block.[1]

  • Distinguishing Among Referenda (I-CONnect Column)

    —Aslı Bâli, UCLA School of Law [Editor’s note: This is one of our biweekly I-CONnect columns. Columns, while scholarly in accordance with the tone of the blog and about the same length as a normal blog post, are a bit more “op-ed” in nature than standard posts.

  • What’s at Stake in the Turkish Constitutional Amendment Proposal

    –Ilayda Gunes, The University of Chicago Law School In the wake of the failed coup attempt of July 15, 2016, Turkey has been struggling to heal its wounds under a state of emergency. Apart from the loss of hundreds of lives and more than 2,000 injured in clashes during the abortive coup, the country has also been facing a string of terrorist attacks from the Islamic State (ISIS) and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).

  • On the Silence of Turkish Constitutionalists in the Face of the Amendment

    —Kemal Gözler, Professor of Constitutional Law, Retired from Uludag University Faculty of Law, Turkey. [Editor’s Note: This piece was originally published in Turkish on the website of the author,, on February 20, 2017. It was translated into English by a friend of the author, who would like to remain anonymous.]

  • Three Key Constitutional Reforms for Sri Lanka

    –Ashwini Vasanthakumar (University College, Oxford) and Rehan Abeyratne (Jindal Global Law School) On January 8, 2015, Sri Lanka elected Maithripala Sirisena as its new President. Sirisena was an unlikely victor. He was Minister of Health and General Secretary of President Rajapaksa’s Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) until November 2014 when he was chosen to be the opposition’s common candidate.[1]

  • Video Interview: Courts and Constitution-Making Featuring Will Partlett

    —Richard Albert, Boston College Law School In this installment of our new video interview series at I-CONnect, I interview Will Partlett on the role of courts in constitution-making. In the interview, we discuss constitution-making in general, his recent work on constitution-making in Russia and post-communist countries, as well as the relationship between political culture and constitutional structure.

  • Turkey’s Presidential Elections: Towards the Confrontation between Constitutionalism and Power Politics

    –Bertil Emrah Oder, Koç University Law School The expected has happened: Prime Minister Erdoğan is the President-elect. He won in the first round of elections on August 10, 2014, by receiving an absolute majority of the valid votes cast, namely 51.79%.[i]

  • Might Afghans Amend The 2004 Constitution? Hints from a Televised Presidential Debate

    —Clark B. Lombardi & Shamshad Pasarlay, University of Washington School of Law 2014 marks the tenth anniversary of the current Afghan Constitution, as a post last month on (cross-posted on this blog) noted. In that post, two American experts in comparative constitutional law, Tom Ginsburg and Aziz Huq, critiqued the performance of the government that had been formed under this constitution and made some thoughtful suggestions to improve Afghan governance.

  • Egypt: What’s Next?

    —Mohamed Abdelaal, Assistant Professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law, Alexandria University, School of Law Was the overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi on June 30 a popular revolution or a military coup? The debate is outdated. What is more important is that the events of June 30 returned Egypt to square one, right back where it started from in January 2011, when President Hosni Mubarak was forced to step down under the pressure of massive popular demonstrations.

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