Mandatory Vaccination is not an Assault to Freedom: A Plea for Mandatory Covid-19 Vaccination in Germany
—Felipe Oliveira de Sousa, Center for Law, Behaviour and Cognition (CLBC), Ruhr-Universität Bochum The German Bundestag has recently opened discussions about the adoption of a general mandatory vaccination requirement for Covid-19 (Allgemeine Impfpflicht) in Germany. Whereas some voices argue that it would be disproportionate and lead to a strong interference in the fundamental rights of the unvaccinated, other voices hold an opposing position.
Mandatory vaccination for the age group of sixty and over in Greece
—Fereniki Panagopoulou, Assistant Professor, Panteion University (Greece) The vaccination programme in Greece, notwithstanding the fact that it was impeccably organized, did not bring about the desired results. It did not convince a large part of the population and, consequently, it did not lead to the attainment of a wall of immunity.
Leaving the Rule of Law Behind: How Slovakia is fighting against COVID-19 without Legality
—Tomáš Ľalík, Associate Professor of Constitutional Law, Comenius University, Bratislava The following piece describes a legal regime limiting fundamental rights and freedoms in Slovakia during the fight against pandemic with the emphasis on the rule of law and legality. In particular, I analyse the system of rules put in place that touch on human rights.
ICON Volume 19, Issue 2: Editorial
Editorial: The unequal impact of the pandemic on scholars with care responsibilities: What can journals (and others) do?; Guest Editorial: Constitutional innovations: Tackling incumbency advantage/abuse; In this issue The unequal impact of the pandemic on scholars with care responsibilities: What can journals (and others) do?
Pre-departure tests for Singapore citizens returning home: possibly constitutionally tricky in theory, but not in practice
—Benjamin Joshua Ong, Assistant Professor of Law, Singapore Management University Introduction Can a state require that its own citizens may only enter upon production of a test result showing that they are not infected with COVID-19? Albania, Greece, Australia, Samoa, India, the Netherlands, and Cyprus have taken such measures at one time or another.
Emergency Law in Spain: the Spanish Constitutional Court’s case law
—Germán M. Teruel Lozano, Lecturer in Constitutional Law, University of Murcia When the Constitution reached its twenty-fifth anniversary, back in 2003, Professor Cruz Villalón highlighted the period of “constitutional normality” that we had lived through. In recent years, that normality has been disturbed by some turbulences that have forced the activation of some exceptional mechanisms provided by the Constitution in order to restore democratic normality.
Ethiopia’s Continuing Constitutional Crisis
—Berihun Adugna Gebeye, Humboldt Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg [Editors’ Note: This is one of our biweekly ICONnect columns. For more information on our four columnists for 2021, please see here.] On April 2, 2018 the Ethiopian parliament elected Abiy Ahmed as prime minister.
Malaysia’s Game of Thrones amid a Pandemic: Constitutional Implications and Political Significance of the State of Emergency
—Dian A H Shah, National University of Singapore Faculty of Law The old Malay proverb “terlepas dari mulut buaya, masuk ke mulut harimau” (literally translated as “out of the crocodile’s mouth, into the tiger’s mouth”) seems to be an apt description for Malaysia in the new year.