— Manuellita Hermes, PhD. Candidate at Università degli Studi di Roma II, Tor Vergata; Rômulo Bittencourt, Master Student of the Graduate-Level Program in Literature and Culture of the Universidade Federal da Bahia. Next November 20th is the National Black Consciousness Day (Dia da Consciência Negra) in Brazil. Specially in 2020, the resurgence of a racial debate in Brazil and
The “Rationality of Fear” on the Edge of Brazilian Democracy: Another Shield Against Authoritarianism?
—Juliano Zaiden Benvindo, University of Brasília and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development In a period of about two months, a series of protests in South America brought the region again into the spotlight. Except for the Bolivian case, whose causes were mostly related to the presidential election process, the protests in Chile, Ecuador,
—Juliano Zaiden Benvindo, University of Brasília and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development The election of Jair Bolsonaro as Brazil’s next President has sparked a fruitful debate over the expansion of an illiberal mindset across the globe, now reaching the biggest economy in Latin America and world’s fourth largest democracy. For some, Brazil seems
—Emilio Peluso Neder Meyer, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and Felipe Guimarães Assis Tirado, LL.M. Candidate, King’s College London Three days after the election of the far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro to the Brazilian presidency, federal prosecutors filed a criminal complaint charging a former police officer and, for the first time, a former military prosecutor
[Editor’s Note: This is the fourth entry in our symposium on the “30th Anniversary of the Brazilian Constitution.” The introduction to the symposium is available here.] —Luiz Guilherme Arcaro Conci, Pontifical University of Sao Paulo Brazil was the only American country that, once independent (1822), established a national monarchy that reigned for almost eighty years. From the late
Memory and Forgetfulness in the Brazilian Dictatorship: Can New Revelations Help Brazil Expiate its Sins?
—Juliano Zaiden Benvindo, University of Brasília For a long time in Brazil, it has been taught that, in the final years of the dictatorship, during the presidency of General Ernesto Geisel (1974-1979) and General João Baptista Figueiredo (1979-1985), the repression and the human rights violations were gradually left aside in favor of a conciliatory discourse
—Juliano Zaiden Benvindo, University of Brasília Reinhart Koselleck, one of the most prominent German historians of the twentieth century, once wrote that “conceptual change is generally slower and more gradual than the pace of political events.” Time and experience are required for properly grasping the distinct nuances of a concept. Every concept – he says
The Judicial Ban on Asbestos in Brazil: A Turning Point in the Relationship between International Law and Collective Fundamental Rights?
—Ranieri Lima Resende, PhD. in Law Candidate, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Visiting Doctoral Researcher, New York University.* Celebrated as one of the most important news stories of 2017 by environmentalists and human rights’ activists, the recent prohibition of asbestos production and commerce throughout the country, ordered by the Brazilian Supreme Court on
The Judiciary as Second-Best Political Strategy: The Never-Ending Debate over the Presumption of Innocence in Brazil
—Juliano Zaiden Benvindo & Fernando José Gonçalves Acunha, University of Brasília In February 2016, one of us wrote a post on I-CONnect focusing on the Brazilian Supreme Court’s new precedent on the presumption of innocence. The decision carried out a major shift by allowing criminal sentences to be enforced once a judgment has been affirmed
—Juliano Zaiden Benvindo & Fábio Almeida, University of Brasília On September 27, the Brazilian Supreme Court arguably decided the most important case on religious freedom and education rights in Brazilian history. Under scrutiny was whether religious freedom (Art. 5, VI, of the Brazilian Constitution) and religious education (Art. 210, Paragraph 1, of the Brazilian Constitution)