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I·CONnect

Blog of the International Journal of Constitutional Law
Home Archive for category "Latin America"
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A Forthcoming Rights Revolution in Mexico?

Two important constitutional reforms have been just approved in Mexico. The first reform transforms the human rights regime in the country. Among other things, it recognizes as rights not only those explicitly included in the constitution but also all rights present in international treaties ratified by the country. The reform also gives new powers to

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Published on June 3, 2011
Author:          Filed under: constitutional amendment, hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America, Mexico
 
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Constitutional Reforms in Ecuador

Tomorrow, Saturday May 7th 2011, Ecuadorean citizens will vote on a referendum to change their constitution. They will vote ‘yes’ or ‘no’ on ten questions proposed by President Rafael Correa. Positive answers to the first five questions imply an automatic constitutional amendment, whereas positive answers to the rest of the questions would mandate the national

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Published on May 6, 2011
Author:          Filed under: constitutional amendment, Ecuador, hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America
 
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Amending the Unamendable Constitutional Clauses in Honduras?

The Honduran congress has passed, by the required supermajority, a reform to constitutional Article 5 that refers to the requisites to call for a plebiscite or a referendum as well as to the scope of issues that can be decided using those mechanisms of direct democracy. In order to successfully amend Article 5, however, a

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Published on January 14, 2011
Author:          Filed under: constitutional review, honduras, hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America
 
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Enacting Constitutionalism

For readers who might be interested in a paper on the constitutional enactment of independent judicial institutions, may I suggest a paper just published entitled “Enacting Constitutionalism,” in which my coauthor and I focus on the political composition of the constituent body and its implications for the type of institutions enacted. The paper is available

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Transitional Justice in Latin America: Recent Developments

Last Tuesday April 20, a federal court in Argentina sentenced former president Reynaldo Bignone to 25 years in prison for human rights abuses during the 1976-1983 “dirty war”. The Court also sentenced five other retired military officers to prison terms ranging from 17 to 25 years in connection with abuses during the military regime. These

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Published on April 23, 2010
Author:          Filed under: hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America, transitional justice
 
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Colombian Judges Stop Álvaro Uribe’s Reelection Plans

Back in 2005, in a 7-2 decision, the Colombian Constitutional Court decided to uphold the constitutional amendment that allowed current president, Álvaro Uribe, to be reelected. Today, also in a 7-2 decision, the Colombian Constitutional Court decided that it won’t take place the referendum that would have given to voters the last word on whether

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Published on February 27, 2010
Author:          Filed under: hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America, term limits
 
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“Decolonizing” Justice in Bolivia?

President Evo Morales and his party MAS (Movimiento al Socialismo -Movement Towards Socialism) retained the presidency and won a comfortable supermajority in both chambers of Congress in the elections held last December 6, 2009. The consequences of that unquestionable triumph are beginning to be felt in Bolivia. A law passed last week, as several news

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Published on February 21, 2010
Author:          Filed under: Bolivia, hp, judicial appointments, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America
 
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A New Constitution in the Dominican Republic

The process of constitutional change in the Dominican Republic, which I mentioned in a previous post, has successfully come to an end. On January 26th, after a long, thorough, and civil process (characteristics that have been conspicuously absent in the region’s recent wave of “constitutional revolutions” in Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador) a new constitution was promulgated

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Constitutional Overhaul in Mexico?

In 2010, most Latin American countries celebrate the bicentennial anniversary of the start of their wars of independence from Spain. Mexico, in addition, celebrates the centennial anniversary of its social revolution. In part because “we cannot afford to waste this year’s symbolic political energy” (words of the Secretary of the Interior), and in part to

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Published on January 22, 2010
Author:          Filed under: constitutional change, hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America, Mexico
 
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A New Book on the Latin American Amparo Suit

The amparo proceeding is a Latin American extraordinary judicial remedy specifically conceived for the protection of constitutional harms or threats inflicted by authorities or individuals. Allan Brewer-Carías, one of Latin America’s most important constitutional lawyers, has written a book that highlightsthe recent trends and identifies variations in the constitutional and legal regulations on the amparo

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Published on November 7, 2009
Author:          Filed under: hp, Julio Rios-Figueroa, Latin America